Forbidden love in the aptly named New England town of Starkfield forms the plot of Edith Wharton’s memorable novella, Ethan Frome. The New York Times called the story “compelling and haunting”. Wharton was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize.
Come with me on a fabulous reading journey through 2020. Together we will explore a thought-provoking selection of 19th and 20th Century classics. For each novel you will receive an illustrated monograph packed full of intriguing stories about the author behind the book, explaining its themes, tempting you with film versions to watch, and challenging you with discussion questions.
I love to share my passion for great literature. Please consider joining me in this literary exploration.
According to Vladimir Nabokov, in his Lectures on Literature, the wise reader reads a book not with the heart, or the brain, but with the spine. It is there, Nabokov insists, that one feels the “artistic quiver” which is proof that we are reading a book of quality. I’m not certain it’s my spine responding, but I do feel that quiver when I read Edith Wharton’s Ethan Frome! There are such superb turns of phrase, such precision of language, and such brilliantly drawn characters trapped in their tragic plight, that I do feel a tingle every time I read it and know that I am in the presence of a great work of literature.
Ethan Frome was published in 1911, the year that Edith Wharton finally separated from her husband. Wharton understood all too clearly that the price of liberty can sometimes be a very high one, and that passion and death are near relations. One critic called the book “one of the most autobiographical novels ever written” because it reflected her sense of entrapment and loneliness.
This is not a happy book. Poor Ethan’s chances of happiness are thwarted by circumstance and character. The ending of the novella is one of the grimmest I’ve ever encountered. But it is a memorable book, and the fate of the characters and the decisions they make are things you ponder long after turning the last page. It’s probably not a book you can ‘enjoy’, but it is powerful.
“While it will not be possible to bestow too much praise on Edith Wharton’s latest story, Ethan Frome, it is one of those stories which absolutely defies an adequate description.
It is so short, a long short story, and not one word can be skipped in the reading. It is such a complete and perfect piece of work that the reviewer can only say — read it.
The art and the technical skill are not surprising from this author — do you not remember the flawless “Duchess at Prayer”, which appeared years ago? She has not made one mistake, there is not one word too much, but one is impelled to say over and over that it is perfect.”
― From the original review in the San Francisco Call, January 14, 1912
According to literary critic Harold Bloom, Ethan Frome is “Wharton’s only fiction to have become part of American mythology”. He praised her ability to “render such pain with purity and economy” and declared “Truly it is a northern romance, akin even to Wuthering Heights”. I can see the influence of Emily Brontë’s novel on this American classic – the framed narrative, silent and isolated characters, the starkly beautiful landscape and weather which are all so intimately connected with the human drama being described, and the feelings of remoteness and entrapment which both novels share.
It also draws on a heritage of Puritan literature – such novels as Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter in which adultery and its punishment form the major theme. Edith Wharton had lived for many years in New England – she knew its towns and villages, the role of the church, and the small-mindedness of some of its people.
I hope you find Ethan Frome as memorable as I do. If it is your introduction to the fabulous Edith Wharton, I hope you’ll go on and read more of her books. As the first woman ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, she was a ground-breaking author, and an altogether fascinating woman.